العَطَایَا عَلٰی مَتْنِ البَلَایَا
Al Ataaya A’la matnil Balaaya
Gifts of Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala come riding on the backs of calamities and problems.
A calamity is actually a guest coming from Allah to give us some gifts provided we make Sabr. This is the Mujaahada. Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala opens up for a person, that is why we say, for a person to be in calamity and problems is a sign of Allah’s love for him because this is like an invitation. Every problem and Musibat is an invitation from Allah. It is an opportunity of Mujaahada so that the person can get closer to Allah. Allah is only going to give calamity to someone He loves, someone He wants to bring close to Himself.
That is why the higher a person’s spiritual rank, the more difficulty, Musibat and calamities a person is going to go through in this worldly life and the lower a person’s rank is the lesser the difficulties and calamities he faces in this life.
Without Mujaahada we cannot reach مُوْتُوْا قَبْلَ أَنْ تَمُوْتُوْا (Mutu Qabla Anta Mutu.)
Our Nafs will not die until we make the Mujaahada and this Mujaahada is constant. It does not end and cannot end until a person’s last breath. We think we will do a little bit of Mujaahada maybe for one month, one week, one year or ten years, then we can rest and after that no more Mujaahada. It does not work like that. Mujaahada is for the rest of a person’s life. The Daleel (evidence) is the Haal of Hazraat Imaam Ahmad Bin Hambal Rahimullah at the time of his Maut when he was in Sakarat:
He fell unconscious while in the throes of death, and he was saying, “no, no, not yet, not yet.” His son was wondering what was happening. When he regained consciousness, his son asked his father what was happening. His father narrated to him that Shaitan came to me telling me, now you have escaped from my clutches, you have escaped from me. I was telling him “no, not yet, not yet, meaning I am still alive. I have not yet died.”
This means, even if a person is in Sakarat, Mujaahada does not end. Yaanike (In other words), even during Sakarat, a person has to stay constantly in Mujaahada until the Ruh comes out of the body. The incident of Imaam Ahmad Bin Hambal Rahimullah is telling us:
“I am not yet free from you because if you are going to convince me, I have become free from you and I have escaped you then that is going to be my down fall just before I pass away.”
This is exactly what Shaitan was trying to do. Shaitan was coming to him and telling him purposely to make him think he has escaped from him. The minute he would start thinking he has escaped is when he would let his guard down and shaytan would pounce which could result in a person passing away without Iman. But Imam Ahmad Bin Hambal was a very great Aalim and a very great Wali of Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala as well. Now what if a person does not know, what is he going to do? Imam Ahmad Bin Hambal knew this was a deception and Shaytan’s trap. He said, “no, I am not yet free. I am still alive,” which was the reality. This tells us, Mujaahada does not end right up until the Ruh is completely extracted from the body and a person leaves this world. Then we can say, now a person has escaped his Nafs and he is free.
Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala talks about the need for Mujaahada, in the Quran e Kareem in the famous Aayat, the very last Aayat of Suratul Ankaboot;
وَالَّذِينَ جَاهَدُوا فِينَا لَنَهْدِيَنَّهُمْ سُبُلَنَا ۚ‘ وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَمَعَ الْمُحْسِنِينَ
Walladhina jaahadoo feena lanahdiyannahum subulana wa innallaha lama’al muhsineen
Whoever makes Mujaahada, جَاهَدُوا ( Jaahadoo), for Our sake, فِينَا (Feena), to reach us, in other words, to reach Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala, that is the Shart. The Mujaahada is not for Dunya. Otherwise the Mujaahada for Dunya everyone is doing. The Hadith which we have done before in our Hadith period in which Nabi e Kareem Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam says;
وَ الْمُجَاهِدُ مَنْ جَاهَدَ نَفْسَهُ فِي طَاعَةِ اللهِ
Wal mujaahidu man jaahada nafsahu fee taa’atillah
The true, real Mujaahid is the one who makes Jihad with his Nafs
The true, real Mujaahid is the one who makes Jihad with his Nafs in obedience to Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala. That is Mujaahada. He makes Jihad with his Nafs, he makes Mujaahada against his Nafs in the obedience of Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala. This Hadith is talking about the same, exact Mujaahada which we are talking about here. In fact, we were intending to discuss this Hadith as well, after discussing the Aayat. Under this Hadith in the copy which I used to have of this Hadith Kitaab when I was a student, were footnotes written in Arabic by most probably the compiler of this Kitaab, to explain. He had written a very Ajeeb, profound footnote of this Hadith:
كُلُّ النَّاسِ مُجَاهِدُوْنَ اَنْفُسَهُمْ وَلٰكِنْ لَا فِي طَاعَةِ اللهِ بَلْ لِتَحْصِيْلِ مَتَاعِ الدُّنْيَا
Kullu naasi mujaahiduna anfusahum walakin laa feeta’atillaahi bal litahseeli mataid dunya
Every person makes Jihad with his Nafs, but not for the obedience of Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala.
وَلٰكِنْ لَا فِي طَاعَةِ اللهِ
walakin laa feeta’atillaahi
The Jihad with the Nafs, the Mujaahada is not in the obedience of Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala but that Mujaahada with the Nafs which is being made is
بَلْ لِتَحْصِيْلِ مَتَاعِ الدُّنْيَا
bal litahseeli mataaid dunya
to earn the temporary goods and the material things of this world.
Everyone is making Mujaahada for Dunyawi material things. It is Mujaahada because the Nafs is getting tired in this case also. When I mention the explanation of this Hadith, I always give this example;
A man has a shop which is popular. He is making a lot of money. A lot of people come and buy things from him. So he is busy all the time. Sometimes he gets so busy that he goes in the morning and he is there till the evening. For that entire duration he does not even get the time to sit down. He is constantly on his feet because the customers continue to stream into his shop. Do you think that is easy standing on your feet without sitting from morning till evening? How the legs pain. He is standing continuously for that amount of time. A person who stands for one hour without sitting gets tired. He spends eight to ten hours, sometimes even more without a break because customers are coming in. He is too busy to even sit down and have lunch. Lunch gets missed because he is too busy as he is constantly selling to people, therefore, he stays hungry until the evening.
- Is this not Mujaahada?
- Doesn’t the Nafs want to eat?
- Doesn’t a person feel hungry, tired and pain in the feet?
Of course he does, but he is doing all the Mujaahada because he can see the green notes coming in. The green notes are coming or whichever colour notes depending on where you live. Just the sight of the notes, the feel of those notes in his hand and the smell of those notes keeps him going. The crackle and the rustle of those notes in his hands as people are giving him when they are buying things keeps him going. This is what is making him do all of that Mujaahada. He is ready to do all the Mujaahada in the world for that. Sometimes people do not sleep the whole night because of this and they are okay with it.
So, for Dunya everyone is ready to do the Mujaahada. But for Deen that same person who stood on his two feet from morning till evening in the shop, when he comes home in the evening and he is told to perform Maghrib or Isha, he will say, “you know what I am just too tired, my legs are paining, I cannot.”
The whole day he was able to stand in the shop. How long does it take to perform three Rakaats? You stood the whole day. Now you are being told perform three Rakaats or four Rakaats, suddenly you start giving excuses. All this time your legs were paining that was okay, you did not realize and that did not affect you. But now for Namaz suddenly my (your) legs are in pain, I am (you are) very tired, I am (you are) very hungry, I am (you are) very this, I am (you are) very that. But in the shop no complains at all, because of those notes. The Nafs was ready to do the Mujaahada. The person is ready to do Mujaahada against his Nafs, but not for Deen.
For Deen you do not see anything and that is the test.
For Dunya you are seeing the notes coming in.
For Deen, he does not see anything that he is getting. He does not get money for performing three Rakaats. Now he is thinking, yes, the reason I stood the whole day was because I was getting money for it, but now these three Rakaats I am going to perform, what am I going to get for these three Rakaats?
- How many Dollars am I going to get?
- How many Pounds am I going to get?
- How many Euros sm I going to get?
- How many shillings am I going to get?
“I will not get anything. So what is the point? I am not going to do that. I am not getting anything for it.” This is what he thinks, ‘I am not getting anything for it’ and that is the whole test. You cannot see anything. We have been told to do it, but we cannot see what we are getting for it.
If only we constantly remind ourselves about performing those three Rakaats is going to get you more than this entire Earth and whatever it contains.
For a few Shillings, you were ready to stand up for the whole day, but not for these three Rakaats which are going to get you more than the whole world because it is not in front of your eyes.
The whole test behind Mujaahada is to do it when you cannot see the results immediately, because if you were to see the results immediately then obviously, no one would hold back from the Mujaahada.
~Hadhrat Maulana Aarif Umar (Daamat Barakaatuhum)