Essentials for the Saalikeen: Five I’s

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Hadhrat Hardoi rahmayullahi alayh mentions a very important point. I want you to all listen carefully the conditions necessary for spiritual benefit. There are four conditions or components that constitute the heart to heart connection, the relation between us and the Sheikh. These are necessary for spiritual benefit. Without these, spiritual benefit is not going to transpire. This is what we are referring to when talking about the connection being firm. It is based on these conditions. To these four conditions which I generally mention, I have added one more. You can remember them in this way that these are the “five I’s” as all of them start with “I” in english. If you are going to write it down in Arabic, then they all start with a Hamza with a Kasra. These are necessary for our benefit. 

1. إنقياض (Inqiyaadh) 

Means total subservience and total submission. These are the two things that each person must understand regarding himself.

To basically put yourself down in front of the Sheikh totally, until nothing from your side remains, no opinion Rai, nothing. A person is totally in the hands of his/her Sheikh. Inqiyaadh is the first condition and it is the most important. Without Inqiyaadh, total submission is not possible. If we are not going to submit ourselves totally, and not keep something back, or have an opinion regarding ourselves that “we are good or we are someone,” it is not going to work. We need to have total annihilation, and subservience. In other words, to leave our pride and ego on one side. To understand that, “we are nothing, we deserve nothing that I am nothing, I know nothing and I deserve nothing.” One must understand that regarding himself and think to oneself, he does not even deserve to be connected to his Sheikh, it is the Ne’mat of Allah. When he totally puts himself down, that is when the Fuyuzat, the spiritual benefits come showering onto him. On the other hand when he has this mentality that, I am something me kuch hu, then that is going to form a barrier. 

2. إعتماد (I’timaad)

Once you have submitted yourself, then comes I’timaad. I’timaad means total trust and reliance on the Taalim of one’s Sheikh so that you can make Amal without any doubt. 

Whatever my Sheikh is telling me is for my own good. Whatever he is giving me is for my own benefit. Once you have submitted yourself then I’timaad will come automatically. That is the second thing. 

3. إعتقاد (I’tiqaad)

I’tiqaad means for the heart to be connected and inclined to one’s Sheikh. To have that Azamat and love ( Mahabbat ) for one’s Sheikh. The greatness, the reverence, the love for one’s Sheikh, that is the third.

This is also necessary, because many times our Sheikh is going to scold us for our Islah. Many times he is going to say such things to us which our Nafs will not like. It will be bitter for our Nafs. If there is going to be no Azamat and Mahabbat in the heart then the Mureed will break off. He will run away. The ego will come into play and the Nafs will come in between the pride that, “how can I be told something like this. How can he tell me something like this!” The person’s ego flares up, the Nafs flares up. Again this is connected to Inqiyaad, to have faith in one’s Sheikh, to have Azamat and Mahabbat.

4. إطّلاع (Ittilaa’)

Ittilaa’ means to inform the Sheikh of one’s spiritual condition with honesty. 

To inform the Sheikh regarding what we are going through so that we can get the treatment for it. ‘ Insaaf Ke Saath’. Not to hide anything. We should not hide anything negative so that we can get the Ilaaj. As I said, with honesty we inform whatever it is. Whatever we are doing even if it is wrong, we inform, “look I am doing this, and I would like to stop’’ because that is the whole Maqsad of Islah. A person cannot hide when he is doing something wrong because he does not want to fall in the eyes of the Sheikh. Many people do not want to fall in the eyes of the Sheikh. That is again the deception of Shaitan. By informing the Sheikh of one’s true condition, he never falls from the eyes of the Sheikh and if anything, he rises in the eyes of the Sheikh because the Sheikh understands, “Subhanallah, this Mureed is sincere that is why he is telling me all these things. He is sincere, he really wants Islah.”

In fact the level of the Mureed in the eyes of the Shaykh is going to rise instead of falling. So that is,  إطلاع- Ittilaa’ –  to inform ones Shaykh of spiritual condition with sincerity which we are going through in our life and this is not only related to our Ma’muls, whether we completing or not, it includes a number of other things as well.

5. ‎إتّباع (Ittibaa’) 

To follow whatever ilaaj, Naseehat we are given. Whatever treatment we have been given now we follow. Whatever we are told, whatever ilaaj we are given, whatever Naseehat we are given we do it. Without any ‘ifs’ and ‘buts’. Without saying even ‘’uff’’, whatever we are advised, we do Ittibaa to follow.

These are the five I’s, the four were mentioned by Hazrat Hardoi Rahmatullah Alaih.  إعتماد- I’timaad – total trust and reliance on taaleem of one’s Shaykh, was from my side, so a total of five. The five I’s or the five Hamza’s are necessary.

When these five conditions are present, then the connection is strong. If these five conditions are not going to be there or even from among these five, if one will be missing then that means the connection is weak. That means that the spiritual benefit which we are supposed to attain, we will not get. 

~ Hadhrat Maulana Aarif Umar (Daamat Barakaatuhum)

*Above post is an extract from Malfuzat of Our Akabireen (9 July 2017) transcription.

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